Wednesday, April 2, 2014
ADP's estimate of private sector jobs growth in March (+191K) was a good deal stronger than January's (121K), but as the chart above shows, it does little if anything to change the fact that for the past several years, job gains have been averaging about 200K per month. That's not enough jobs to move the real GDP needle above a 2-3% range.
If there is anything positive occurring on the margin that is also noteworthy, it is the decline of the Vix index (a proxy for the market's level of fear and uncertainty), which jumped to 21 in early February and is now down to 13, and the rise of 10-yr Treasury yields (a proxy for the market's confidence in the economy's growth prospects), which have risen over 20 bps since the end of February. (I note that 5-yr TIPS real yields are up a more impressive 35 bps since the end of February, and that is arguably a more direct reflection of the market's perception of the economy's strength, although at -.4% real yields remain miserably low.) The chart above shows the ratio of the Vix index and the 10-yr Treasury yield, and the recent decline could be interpreted to mean that the market has become less fearful of the future and somewhat more confident in the ability of the economy to continue growing at a modest rate.
So we're still stuck in a modest-growth rut, so to speak, but at least—from the market's perspective—there don't appear to be any existential threats out there which could throw the economy off track. And as I've said many times in the past year or so, in the absence of recession it pays to own risk assets, especially when the alternative (e.g., cash yielding zero) offers something of value only to those who are convinced that there is a lot of bad news waiting around the next corner.
The ongoing rise in equity prices is being driven mainly by a rise in PE multiples and a decline in risk aversion, as the market gradually narrows the gap between equity yields (which have fallen from a high of 7.7% in mid-2012 to 5.7%) and risk-free 10-yr Treasury yields (which have risen from a low of 1.5% in mid-2012 to 2.8%). That gap can be seen in the chart above. The gap is still quite large, though, which leaves plenty of room for the market to "melt up" before valuations become disturbingly stretched.
Posted by Scott Grannis at 1:16 PM